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Design of Novel Neurokinin 1 Receptor Antagonists Based on Conformationally Constrained Aromatic Amino Acids and Discovery of a Potent Chimeric Opioid Agonist-Neurokinin 1 Receptor Antagonist.

  • April 14, 2011

A screening of conformationally constrained aromatic amino acids as base cores for the preparation of new NK1 receptor antagonists resulted in the discovery of three new NK1 receptor antagonists, 19[Ac-Aba-Gly-NH-3′,5′-(CF3)2-Bn], 20 [Ac-Aba-Gly-NMe-3′,5′-(CF3)2-Bn], and 23 [Ac-Tic-NMe-3′,5′-(CF3)2-Bn], which were able to counteract the agonist effect of substance P, the endogenous ligand of NK1R. The most active NK1 antagonist of the series, 20 [Ac-Aba-Gly-NMe-3′,5′-(CF3)2-Bn], was then used in the design of a novel, potent chimeric opioid agonist-NK1 receptor antagonist, 35 [Dmt-d-Arg-Aba-Gly-NMe-3′,5′-(CF3)2-Bn], which combines the N terminus of the established Dmt1-DALDA agonist opioid pharmacophore (H-Dmt-d-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH2) and 20, the NK1R ligand. The opioid component of the chimeric compound 35, that is, Dmt-d-Arg-Aba-Gly-NH2 (36), also proved to be an extremely potent and balanced μ and δ opioid receptor agonist with subnanomolar binding and in vitro functional activity.


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