Single-domain antibody fragments, also called nanobodies (Nbs), are increasingly being used as targeting molecular tools for imaging and/or targeted radionuclide therapy. To translate these tools to the clinic, it is preferred to obtain a homogeneous, well-defined, and well-characterized product. It has been shown that Sortase A, a transpeptidase found in Staphylococcus aureus, catalyzes the site-specific conjugation between a recognition oligopeptide (LPXTG, known as sortag) and an oligoglycine functionalized probe. This versatile technique manages to couple various molecular reagents, such as biotin, fluorophores, bifunctional chelators, etc., to the target protein containing the sortag. This chapter focuses on the site-specific coupling of a bifunctional chelator (e.g., CHX-A”-DTPA) to a Nb equipped with a C-terminal sortag. The chelator conjugated to the Nb can be radiolabeled with 111In or 177Lu for SPECT imaging or targeted radionuclide therapy, respectively.
Click here for publisher's page